Medicine Flashcard Collection 🏥

A collection of over 2400 medicine-focused flashcards covering key medical topics.


2496 flashcards 🎉

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What are the typical clinical features of peptic ulcer disease?

  • Epigastric pain (often described as 'burning' and may radiate to the back)
  • Epigastric tenderness (gives rise to 'pointing sign' (patient able to point to the precise site of pain using finger)
  • Nausea ± vomiting
  • Improvement of symptoms with use of antacids 
  • Changes to weight
  • Signs of gastrointestinal bleeding 

Tip: Gastric ulcers typically cause increased pain shortly after eating, whereas duodenal ulcers are associated with pain relief after eating.

Link: Peptic ulcer disease 

What initial investigations are recommended in suspected melanoma

  • Dermatoscopy: aids differentiation between early stages of melanoma from benign melanocytic lesions; allows clinicians to determine the need for biopsy
  • Biopsy: full-thickness excision of the entire lesion if melanoma is suspected, will show abnormal melanocytic proliferation if melanoma

Link: Melanoma 

Describe the management of blepharitis

  • Warm compression of the eyelids with cotton wool dipped in hot water to loosen debris
  • Eyelid massage to empty glands of debris
  • Cleaning eyelids with cotton wool to remove debris
  • Consider antibiotics (e.g. chloramphenicol) if symptoms do not improve despite lid hygiene

Link: Eyelid disorders

Describe the prognosis of motor neurone disease

  • Usually a rapidly progressive and fatal disease (median survival is two to four years)
  • Respiratory failure is the most common cause of morbidity and mortality
  • 5-10% of patients survive for a decade or more

Link: Motor neurone disease


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