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A 5-year-old boy presents with a limp.
A 14-year-old girl presents with wrist pain.
A patient having seizures on a medical ward
A 22-year-old woman has presented with mus...
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OSCE flashcard examples
Name the muscle(s) assessed during knee extension and the associated myotome(s)
Muscles assessed: quadriceps
Myotome assessed: L3/4 (femoral nerve)
Describe the locations which should be auscultated to assess the four cardiac valves
Auscultation of the cardiac valves should be performed at the following locations:
- Mitral valve: 5th intercostal space in the mid-clavicular line
- Tricuspid valve: 4th or 5th intercostal space at the lower left sternal edge
- Pulmonary valve: 2nd intercostal space at the left sternal edge
- Aortic valve: 2nd intercostal space at the right sternal edge
Name the diagnosis and three typical clinical features
Typical clinical features of arterial foot ulcers include:
- Small, deep, punched-out appearance
- Very painful
- Most commonly located on distal limbs/toes
Tip: Don't forget to look in between the toes for hidden ulcers.
Name the lower limb dermatomes labelled on the diagram below
The lower limb dermatomes labelled on the diagram are as follows:
- A: L1
- B: L2
- C: L3
- D: L4
- E: L5
- F: S1
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